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digital convergence: media studies

The public. As Pavlick & McIntosh (2004) notes, digitization enables all forms of the media to escape their traditional means of transmission (analog) and be translated into one another, as computer bits migrate merrily. A good example of this digital convergence can be seen with the Mobile TV. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it. Once in a digitized form, the image may be altered--in a program like Photoshop--in an increasing range of eye-opening, reality-shaping ways. What kind of programs and content will be broadcast in the coming years? Holtzman asks the difficult question, "What means of expression are idiomatic to computers?" Ellis provides some historical context for our current situation: Ellis predicted that "smart" TV sets would act more and more like computers because they would either have computers embedded in them, or would be linked to computers. Speech and writing are represented by print in a book; musical sounds are represented by grooves in an LP or magnetized iron particles on an audio tape; light bouncing off an object is focused by a camera lens to change the colours of chemicals on film. Henry Jenkins III (born June 4, 1958) is an American media scholar and Provost Professor of Communication, Journalism, and Cinematic Arts, a joint professorship at the University of Southern California (USC) Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism and the USC School of Cinematic Arts. There is often a one-to-one correspondance between the signal and its translation into a physical medium, or reproduction. However, combining cable's high bandwidth network with the "switchability" of the telephone network in one line into the consumer's home has been fiercely resisted by both cable and telephone interests. Voice telephony, broadcasting and online computer services operated on different platforms (Pavlick & McIntosh 2004). His analysis had however failed to factor in the telephone system, but simultaneously, telecommunication analysts were already in the course of developing their own language of merging technologies. This process is called digital convergence Key term - Digital convergence - the coming together of two seperate media industries thanks to digital technology Convergence can also defined as the merging of industries, for example, the merging of traditional media companies with internet companies, such as Time Warner and AOL (Jenkins 2001). You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article. There is no doubt that the increasing convergence of the various modes of information and communication has changed the way in which we interact and communicate with one another. Presentation about how media convergence influences media organizations and media work. Martha, S., 2002. CUBA DEMANDS This pamphlet reviews... [read more], SIGNS This site is about... [read more], URBAN WALLPAPER This site is about... [read more]. Just as computer interfaces use familiar analogies such as the desktop, trash bin, file folder and notepad to make computers less threatening, so do many programs use analogies to make the digital operation seem familiar to the user: the digital paintbrush or spraycan, and color palettes in visual programs; frequency modulation in audio programs--terminology that borrows from existing paradigms. High Definition Television (HDTV) or Smart-TVs? De-Convergence of Global Media Industries (Routledge Research in Cultural and Media Studies, Band 47) Digital Platforms, Imperialism and Political Culture (Routledge New Developments in Communication and Society Research, Band 3) Die Beischlaf-Vermutung Läufer 59074 Rondella X-Band, elastische Kreuzbänder, Gummibänder 80 x 11 mm, Durchmesser 50 mm, 30g Dose, bunt Gummibänder X-Band; … Due to the nature of the course in terms of essay writing, research and analysis, the course will also prepare you well for formal academic study at university. Stay tuned! Digital Convergence Media- John Mathews (42886767) The Internet is now an apparent place where major music studies are placing their promotional material and music videos to gain audiences and overall revenue. On the other hand, cable companies in Canada are allowed by the Broadcasting Act to originate programming. He then goes on to suggest that, in terms of music, the musician consider the ways that the computer creates a sound: In the shift from analog to digital signal processing, Holtzman is suggesting, old paradigms are expressed as analogies to promote familiarity and acceptance of the new technology; these analogies also tend to limit the ways in which we are able to use the new digital technologies creatively. An analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) translates analogue signals to digital signals. Media convergence has two roles, the first is the technological merging of different media channels – for example, magazines, radio programs, TV shows, and movies, now are available on the Internet through laptops, iPads, and smartphones. “Convergence Is the Watchword,” The Financial Times. The mass media content is no longer distributed through traditional channels and instead digital content is now delivered via the internet, satellite and through a host of other digital technologies (Pavlick & McIntosh 2004). Digital Convergence Media- John Mathews (42886767) The Internet is now an apparent place where major music studies are placing their promotional material and music videos to gain audiences and overall revenue. Smartphone apps can drive media convergence. For more information, check the HDTV Newsletter or Public TV and the transition to digital broadcasting. With digital convergence, a new epoch of multimedia has been ushered in where in voice, images and data can be brought together to form a single network that renders more efficient and effective services to the users of information content (Pavlick & McIntosh 2004). Of course, there are some who have also made the case that the composition, framing, and selection process of photography ideally suits it for promotional and propagandistic purposes, made all the more powerful for the apparent documentary qualities of the light-impinging-on-chemical technology. Despite the varied set of definitions to this concept, one thing that can be agreed upon is that digital convergence is increasingly and quickly transforming the very nature of mass communication. Media Todayputs students at the center of the profound changes in the twenty-first century media world - from digital convergence to media ownership - and gives them the skills to think critically about what these changes mean for the role of media in their lives. However, the phenomenal growth of multimedia and networked computers in the mid-1990’s forced many commentators to revise the terms of the equation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Routledge publishers. 20190829 Communication Media Studies Digital Convergence Class 003Ed. Converging media: an introduction to mass communication, Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, pp.19-28. Start studying Intro to Media Studies Quiz 3. Telephony developed historically to carry interactive voice, then data traffic, and has always been as important for business transactions as for residential applications. 20190829 Communication Media Studies Digital Convergence Class 061Ed. Including student tips and advice. Categories: Convergence; Author: Christy Roland. Altogether, this makes studies of media convergence, both its approaches and its results, highly relevant for the understanding of the digital creative economy. One of the factors influencing the acceptance of HDTV is that the new broadcast standard must be compatible with the old NTSC--National Television Systems Committee--standard (525 horizontal lines, 30 frames/second, adopted by the FCC in 1941). Digital convergence can be given a varied set of definitions. Media Studies is a practical and academic discipline that nurtures critical understanding, hones appreciation of media texts and promotes the development of creative production skills. In 1978, Nicholas used three overlapping circles in representing the technologies of broadcasting, computing and printing (Brand 1987). Media Studies Page 4 Course Content One of the earliest expressions of this idea came from Nicholas Negroponte, a technologist and founder of MIT’s media lab (Brand 1987). As Steve Mann continues to show, wearable computing will allow us to take the show on the road. Nokia is also collaborating with Kodak to enable easy picture sharing with embedded Kodak picture applications in its smartphones (Anon 2004). Definition of digital convergence in the Definitions.net dictionary. Satellite and Geophysical Positioning Systems (GPS) will turn both vehicles and people into mobile computing devices. You will also apply knowledge and understanding of the theoretical framework and digital convergence to the planning and production of a cross-media production (Indie music video and music magazine). Everette, E. D. and V.P. “San Jose, Knight-Ridder Tests a Newspaper Frontier,” In: New York Times. Having multiple functionalities such as MP3 players, digital cameras, and PDA functionality in one device (smartphone) brings significant benefits as consumers need only a single device to perform a number of functions instead of several different ones (Anon 2004). A survey of 5,000 digital media users across five countries paints a positive picture: half of the respondents agreed that their digital media use had improved their overall quality of life – both socially and professionally. The advent of digital photography and image manipulation in the 1980's provided commentators an ideal opportunity to reassess the "objective" nature of the medium. Digital convergence can be defined as the coming together of information content from voice telephony, sound broadcasting, television and print media; into a single application or service (Simpson & Weiner 1989). Convergence is an international peer-reviewed academic journal which was set up in 1995 to address the creative, social, political and pedagogical issues raised by the advent of new media technologies. When we look at our newspapers, listen to the news, or visit our nearest computer store, we see that the debate is still being fiercely waged in the marketplace. Seize the many opportunities digital media offers and avoid the risks that arise from overuse or maleficent use. Rowman & Littlefield. The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT. Rights holders and distributors of movies, sports events and other program material are using new video technologies to move the box office into the home--accelerating the changeover from free TV to pay-TV. The digital technology is increasingly blurring the boarders between broadcasting, telecommunication, television, publishing and computing services. However, neither of the two terms became successful. A CD-ROM holds approximately 680 MB of data. and E.S. In summary, we can say that digital convergence conflates the integration of technologies of broadcasting, telecommunications, computing and printing. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. As noted above, this concept of digital convergence has been there for nearly three decades and has long been associated with digital revolutions. In his groundbreaking work on technology, Ithiel de Sola Pools (1983), coined the term “convergence” to describe a single integrated common carrier that met all the needs of the media. Convergence Culture maps a new territory: where old and new media intersect, where grassroots and corporate media collide, where the power of the media producer and the power of the consumer interact in unpredictable ways. To be able to describe and understand the different forms convergence takes is to begin to unravel one of the deepest and most long-standing issues in the history of media studies: … At minimum, journalists need to have the basic knowledge and understanding of the unique capabilities of different communications media. This raises a fundamental question: what exactly do we mean by “digital convergence”? It also appeared in a few of the articles. The table below shows how long it would take to transmit this data at varying speeds. Digital Convergence is the tendency for different technologies, media, content, services and applications to become more similar with time. Instead, television has fragmented into the digital delivery of additional specialty and pay-per-view channels while computer monitors have dominated the intelligent functions: from online gaming to shopping online. (Analogue and analogous both derive from the Greek ana-logos meaning "proportion" or "ratio." Definition of digital convergence in the Definitions.net dictionary. ... Aalborg 1998, [from:] J.F. High definition television (HDTV) and large flat screens have yet to deliver smarter TV, just much improved image and sound--the home theatre. Click here to ask a question about this article. Today, this concept of “digital convergence” has become a ubiquitous buzzword in media and journalism. In the U.S., many broadcasters were given access to the additional spectrum in exchange for their promise to introduce digital broadcasting and HDTV. Media texts such as Hollywood films or tabloid newspapers are aimed at a mass market audience. De-Convergence of Global Media Industries (Routledge Research in Cultural and Media Studies, Band 47) Digital Platforms, Imperialism and Political Culture (Routledge New Developments in Communication and Society Research, Band 3) Die Beischlaf-Vermutung Läufer 59074 Rondella X-Band, elastische Kreuzbänder, Gummibänder 80 x 11 mm, Durchmesser 50 mm, 30g Dose, bunt Gummibänder X-Band; … About this journal. Digital bytes are electronic packets of 1’s and 0’s to represent objects, policies and data. Digit comes from the Latin digitus --finger or toe--two handy measuring devices associated with the Arabic numerals 1 to 9 and 0. In the meantime, wireless delivery--cellphones, satellite, and standards like bluetooth--promise to redefine the more traditional convergence debates. Media technologies; Film studies; Digital heritage; Digital Humanities; Media convergence; News media and journalism studies; Cultural studies; Games studies; Celebrity studies; The successful candidate will work in a cooperative and collegial manner with fellow staff at all levels of seniority. In a digital signal, information is represented by "discreet states"--for example, high voltages and low voltages--rather than by continuously variable levels in a continuous stream, as in an analogue signal. He suggested that the most rapid growth and innovation could be found where the three intersected. Media convergence in the digital era means the changes that are taking place with older forms of media and media companies. While analog signals are continuous--like waves--digital signals are discrete--like numbers. Jane, S., 2002. The coming together of these two companies represented a new level of convergence of the industrial and economic organization of media production and distribution (Dewdney & Ride 2006). Digital signals on the other hand, are not dependent for their existence on a particular physical medium....Most importantly, they can be reprocessed and enhanced indefinitely with the aid of computers." media studies, digital humanities, translation studies, art history, musicology, and even ecology. Meaning of digital convergence. However, only until recently has this concept gained practical importance and has mostly been prompted by developments in technology, creative management and government deregulation (Pavlick & McIntosh 2004). For example, Nokia is collaborating with imaging industry leaders to create a total imaging experience for its customers. 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